A reflection on the impact of early european voyagers on the islands of micronesia

Yet, Polynesian creations were made to last. Some Micronesians may have believed in multiple heavens, as did people in Polynesia and Indonesia.

The sumptuous nature of this ceremonial garment - composed of feathers in brilliantly contrasting yellow and red the two sacred colors of Polynesia - indicated the exalted rank of its owner. Rising ocean temperatures, another effect of global warming, also kill the coral reefs that protect many atolls from storm damage.

Most lived in dispersed extended-family homesteads. The islands were used for royal, priestly, and noble residences and for rituals; scholars believe that the total population may have been several hundred to 1, people.

In Yap, on the other hand, patrilocal residence and patrilineal inheritance of land were considered ideal. And who could forget the monumental statues of Easter Island, as enigmatic as they are colossal, 'mediating between sky and earth, between men and chiefs, and between chiefs and gods.


All these islands have a history of political association with the US that dates back at least to the end of the Second World War, and much earlier in the case of Guam. Many of the whalers and traders who came afterwards did not fully appreciate and understand the oral literature of our people.

Life was also becoming less strenuous than it had ever been before. Simple pottery has been found only in the western high islands of Micronesia: Three atolls within sailing distance of Pohnpei —Mokil, Pingelap, and Ngatik—show closer cultural relationships to the people of Pohnpei than to any other large population but are clearly distinct from them.

The Marshalls and the Gilberts had larger polities and integrated groups of separate atolls under a high chief; these expansionist states achieved their fullest development after the introduction of firearms by Europeans. Among the most prominent works of the region is the megalithic floating city of Nan Madol.

At stake was the control of land—a limited resource—and followers, but there were usually few casualties.

The navigators also watched for changes in swell patterns, cloud piled up over land, reflections on clouds from lagoons, and drifting land vegetation.

Micronesian canoes had a single hull with one outrigger.

Micronesian culture

Now called Lapita-style pottery, these artifacts clearly trace the visits and attempted settlements of a maritime people moving along a Melanesian route towards Polynesia. The Fijians were grateful to European merchants, nevertheless, for the introduction of ivory, which they used unstintingly to decorate objects of status and power, such as long staffs, club-sceptres and headdress.

A fisherman named Huku is said to have found Rakahanga island while on an aku fishing voyage from Rarotonga; later the three Maui brothers came to the same area and began fishing. The Polynesians in the Pacific generally occupy an area referred to as the Polynesian Triangle.

There, too, he was to be profoundly disappointed. Old men's beard hairs, considered the most precious, were reserved for particularly prized ornaments for the head and fingers. In contrast, sequences from two archaeological sites on Easter Island group with an uncommon haplogroup from Indonesia, Japan, and China and may represent a genetic signature of an early Polynesian dispersal.

One hundred of the paddlers died; forty men remained. On the high islands, people also wanted access to lagoons, although easily defensible sites were sometimes preferred, such as the tops of steep cleared slopes. During this time, the language evolved and became fragmented until it developed into the present day languages of Melanesia.

Owing to this difficulty, only a handful of the few sailors that travel across the Pacific will attempt to visit. But at the same time, cultural similarities emerged across great distances inthe French explorer Dumont d'Uville, a true man of the Enlightenment and as such obsessed with meticulous systems of classification, laid the foundations for the division of this vast area of the world into three zones: On the eastern edge of the Federated States of Micronesia, the languages Nukuoro and Kapingamarangi represent an extreme westward extension of Polynesian.

The eldest child typically represents the family or lineage in public, is expected to inherit any lineal political offices, and directs the use of lineage or family lands.

Micronesian culture

Some varieties of pandanus are cultivated for their leaves, used principally in making plaited mats and thatch for roofs. The practice was useful in many ways: It is doubtful that one-way voyages could account for the early presence in the Hawaiian Islandsfor example, of twenty odd cultivated plants of Tahiti and the Marquesas.

Social changes were also afoot in Micronesia during the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Most residents of Micronesia can freely move to, and work within, the United States.European exploration of the Pacific began with the Spanish and the Portuguese.

By the late s, the Spanish had colonized the Philippines and had discovered several of the Caroline Islands in Micronesia, as well as the Solomon Islands in Melanesia and the Marquesas Islands in Polynesia. The main ships which travel between the Pacific Islands of Micronesia are called the FSM Caroline Voyager and the Micro Glory.

Pacific Islands of Micronesia Trains and Buses A school bus service between Yap’s capital of Colonia and smaller villages is the only significant public bus network on any of the Pacific Islands of Micronesia.

The early Spanish explorers had sailed through the Carolines in sixteenth and seventeenth centuries on their way to the Spice Islands; and had sprinkled names like Islas de los Reyes, Barbudos, and Martires. A year earlier, both Spain and Germany had claimed the Caroline Islands which had brought the two countries to a brink of war in.

--Around B.C. or earlier, seafarers from Samoa and Tonga discovered and settled islands to the east – the Cook Islands, Tahiti-nui, Tuamotus, and Hiva (Marquesas Islands).

--Around A.D. or earlier, voyagers from central or eastern Polynesia, possibly from Hiva, discovered and settled Easter Island.

Micronesia — Transportation

From Conversion to Conquest: The Early Spanish Mission in the kaleiseminari.coml of Pacific History 17 (): The First Taint of Civilization: A History of the Caroline and Marshall Islands in Pre-colonial Days, Honolulu: University of Hawaii. From Conquest to Colonization: Spain in the Mariana Islands to Polynesian navigation used some navigational instruments, which predate and are distinct from the machined metal tools used by European navigators (such as the sextant, first produced in ; the sea astrolabe, from around late 15th century; and the marine chronometer, invented in ).

However, they also relied heavily on close observation of sea sign and a large body of knowledge from oral tradition.

A reflection on the impact of early european voyagers on the islands of micronesia
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