He was soon recognized as the successor to Plato. Aristotle's key compiled work, or a work put together by later followers and scholars, is Organon, which compiled Aristotle's works that eventually formed the key parts of Aristotelian logic.
He thought of the formal, efficient and final cause of form and of the material cause as matter.
Henri Carteron held the "extreme view"  that Aristotle's concept of force was basically qualitative,  but other authors reject this. This covers modern ideas of motivating causes, such as volition.
From this point forward, Plato's texts, and his magnum opus The Republicin particular, have had an impact on European history second only to the works of Aristotle.
If we want to destroy a position, we show that it is relative, not absolute. He died the following year at the age of sixty-two. It identifies 'what makes of what is made and what causes change of what is changed' and so suggests all sorts of agents, nonliving or living, acting as the sources of change or movement or rest.
What is the form, nature or idea? Thus the material cause of a table is wood. Whenever there is a conflict between theory and observation, one must trust observation, he insisted, and theories are to be trusted only if their results conform with the observed phenomena.
Aristotle, like many of the ancient world, believed in a teleological universe, and that things are given their form with a purpose. Aristotle in the Middle Ages and Beyond In the 13th century Aristotle was reintroduced to the West through the work of Albertus Magnus and especially Thomas Aquinas, whose brilliant synthesis of Aristotelian and Christian thought provided a bedrock for late medieval Catholic philosophy, theology and science.
Although he never wrote a word himself, the many works of his student, Plato, provides a window into Socratic philosophy. Many of his writings are now lost, and scholars debate which of his works are his own or the notes of his students.
In other places he states clearly and fairly a biological problem that took millennia to solve, such as the nature of embryonic development.
While many of Aristotle's works have not survived, where he likely authored well over a hundred large works, his surviving works influenced Greek and Roman thought, with this philosophy coming down to our own societies particularly in the West.
History of astronomy In astronomyAristotle refuted Democritus 's claim that the Milky Way was made up of "those stars which are shaded by the earth from the sun's rays," pointing out correctly that if "the size of the sun is greater than that of the earth and the distance of the stars from the earth many times greater than that of the sun, then Aristotle sometimes goes back on his earlier statements and gives us examples when things that are normally universal and certain can be conditional, can be different in certain situations and circumstances.
Things can move in space, or change in quantity and quality. Nevertheless, his ideas of logic and ethics are now central to many philosophies that subsequently formed the foundations of Western ideals.
The Lyceum had a special status. For instance, he observed that dolphins are not fish more similar to land animals. Diogenes Laertius wrote in Roman times about the work of Aristotle, though none of the works he mentions are known today.
Sight is also the most powerful element in that it is the farthest reaching. Aristotle, like Plato in the Symposium, associates intoxication with flutes. Aristotle and his earlier and later colleagues were also influential in establishing what eventually became the concept for universities.
Later, Aristotle would become the tutor and advisor to Alexander the Great, himself a Macedonian monarch. He says that it is never right to kill your father, but among the Triballi tribe, the gods sometimes demand it.
Heraclitus, an opponent that Aristotle argues against, thought that things were good and bad by perspective and positioning and so things can have contrary qualities and be in contrary states at the same time. If some animals are humans, and all humans are funny, then some animals are funny.
His major contribution to the study of philosophy was to redirect inquiries away from the natural sciences and toward the contemplation of systems of ethics and questions of ethical conduct. Plato was deeply influenced by Socrates' emphasis on ethics and politics, and would later commemorate Socrates as the wise and central speaker in his philosophical writings.A comprehensive directory of world famous philosophers, including their biography, philosophies and work.
Plato once said ‘Wonder is the feeling of the philosopher, and philosophy begins in wonder’. Dec 16, · He was the student of socrates and teacher aristotle, he wrote kids learn about biography famous greek philosopher plato including his early life in athens, peloponnesian war, a socrates, dialogue.
Aristotle is among the most important and influential thinkers and teachers in human history, often considered — alongside his mentor, Plato — to be a father of Western Philosophy.” Born in the northern part of ancient Greece, his writings and ideas on metaphysics, ethics, knowledge, and methodological inquiry are at the very root of.
A student of Plato, Aristotle is one of the most influential ancient greek philosophers. He is best known for his empirical approach to studying nature, his theory of Four Causes (material, formal,efficiant, and final), and his development of Formal Logic.
Aug 21, · Aristotle’s Early Life. Aristotle was born in B.C. in Stagira in northern Greece. A.D. 55 - ) was a Greek/Roman philosopher of the Hellenistic period.
He managed to overcome huge obstacles in developing from a crippled Roman slave to become one of the most popular and sought after philosophers of his time.Download